Our researchers are identifying novel ways to recover and recycle industrial and agricultural wastes as feedstocks for the production of new and reused materials or energy resources. Sustainability isn’t guaranteed just because a material is recyclable — it depends on the value chain processes. We combine advanced tools such as life-cycle assessment, multi-scale modeling and data analytics to evaluate the costs, benefits and hidden consequences of these processes.
CARBON CAPTURE AND USE
Ohio State engineers developed chemical looping, a process that uses metal oxide particles in high-pressure reactors to “burn” fossil fuels and biomass without the presence of oxygen in the air, for production of syngas, which in turn provides the building blocks for a host of other useful products including ammonia, plastics or even carbon fibers.
BIOMASS FEEDSTOCK SUPPLY CHAIN
We are developing near-term and future corn stover-based feedstock supply systems for biofuels that are technically sound, economic and sustainable.
MANUFACTURING MATERIALS OPTIMIZATION
Ohio State is part of a $70 million research consortium that is developing innovative approaches to reduce energy use and emissions in industrial supply chains, thus improving manufacturing competitiveness. We investigate advanced manufacturing and materials optimization for reuse to reduce in-process losses, reuse scrap materials, and utilize secondary feedstocks in manufacturing.